Turkana County is a county in the former Rift Valley Province of Kenya. Turkana is the second largest, by land area, (after Marsabit County) and also the northwesternmost county in Kenya. It is bordered by the countries of Uganda to the west; South Sudan and Ethiopia, including the disputed Ilemi Triangle, to the north and northeast; and Lake Turkana to the east. To the south and east, neighbouring counties in Kenya are West Pokot, Baringo and Samburu Counties, while Marsabit County is located on the opposite (i.e. eastern) shore of Lake Turkana.
Turkana County is known in the local language as ng'turkana. Some place names in the country are attributed to the language of the Pokot and Samburu peoples, representing a tradition in the area of inhabitation by these peoples prior to displacement by the Turkana
Turkana County is within the boundaries of the former Rift Valley province. According to data provided during 1991, the majority of the population at that time lived by way of farming. With an area of nearly 77,000 km2, Turkana is the largest county, including the area covered by Lake Turkana, in Kenya. Its capital and largest town is Lodwar. The county has a population of 855,399 (2009 census).
Turkana County is emerging to be a major source of electric power in Kenya. Kengen's Turkwel Hydro Power Plant, situated on the southwest of Turkana County, produces hydroelectric power which is connected to the national power grid at Lessons. The county is currently subject of crude oil exploration in Block 10BB and Block 13T and has the potential for geothermal, solar and wind energy.
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